Internal auditing emerged as a financial activity in 1930s in the United States after several American institutions inspired to ease the pressure on external auditing, given that the U.S. legislation, at that time, was forcing all institutions connected with stock exchanges to have their accounts externally audited in order to be approved.
At the very start, internal auditing received no attention and its role remained marginalized until a number of internal auditors formed a unified organization in New York in 1941 and called it the "American Institute of Internal Auditors", whose mission -since its inception- was to develop and regulate this profession.
Currently, internal auditing is playing a significant role as an administrative tool to rationalize the administrative process in its modern concept. At the beginning, internal auditing was covering only financial records and entries, but later its scope of work has expanded to include administrative and operational areas as a result of economic conditions.
The foundation of internal audit units at governmental and public institutions was approved pursuant to the Council of Ministers’ resolution no. (235) dated Shaaban 20th, 1425H (corresponding to October 4th, 2004), whose second Paragraph stipulated that, “Internal audit units shall be founded at all bodies supervised by the General Auditing Bureau, and the Units' Chairman shall directly report to the Bureau’s President”. Also, the Unified Regulation of Internal Audit Units, issued pursuant to the Council of Ministers’ resolution no. (129) dated Rabi' al-Thani 6th, 1428H (corresponding to April 23rd, 2007), shall be deemed as the main reference with regard to supervisory tasks and responsibilities assigned to internal audit units.
Hence, the President of Umm Al-Qura University issued the decision no. 3674 dated Safar 5th, 1431H (corresponding to January 20th, 2010), authorizing the foundation of a new department for internal auditing and assigning himself as a supervisor of it.
The Internal Audit Department takes upon itself the responsibility for improving and enhancing the performance at Umm al-Qura University and adding more values to the department’s sub-divisions, as well as helping the top management to achieve the university’s planned objectives.
Employees of the Internal Audit Department should be characterized by the following morals: