Umm Al-Qura University

Umm Al-Qura University

Author Guide

- 2022/05/15

** Last update: 14 Shawwal, 1443 A.H., corresponding to 15 May 2022 


Author Guide


Publishing Rules

Journal of Umm Al-Qura University for Medical Sciences is a peer-reviewed journal published two times per year and includes articles covering all areas of medical sciences. Contribution reporting original research that demonstrate pertinence to human medical investigation are encouraged and could be published as Original Articles, Review Articles, Short Communications and case reports.


Original Research: Research study describes the original results of broad appeal with sufficient information to be critically evaluated. Sections must be presented in the following order: Title page, Abstract, Text, Acknowledgments, References, Tables, Figure Legends, and Figures. The full manuscript should not exceed 6000 words (including figures and their legends).


Review Articles: They should be concise and can include controversies in the field and abundant bibliography; specific viewpoints may be included as long as they are well-founded. Their primary purpose is to provide up-to-date information about a topic by an expert in the field. Review articles must contain no more than 10000 words.


Case Report: These are short discussions of a case or case series with unique features not previously described and make an important teaching point or scientific observation. The Case Report should include statements of the problem, patient history, diagnosis, treatment, outcome, and other information pertinent to the case(s). Section headings should be Abstract, Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if any), and References.

Journal accept manuscripts written proficiently in scientific English in any country. Once manuscript submission requirements are checked as complete, the work will be accepted for submission, and a letter acknowledging receipt of the manuscript will be sent to the corresponding author.


Before you Begin

Submissionof a manuscript implies that it reports unpublished work and, if accepted for publication, will not be published elsewhere without Journal consent. A cover letter signed by the corresponding author expressly stating the specific contribution of each author must accompany the submission and contain the electronic signature of all co-authors. In addition, this letter should state that the final manuscript has been revised and approved by all authors and that they have taken due care to ensure the integrity of the work.

Authors should provide the complete names, affilations and e-mail addresses of five internationally recognized experts in the scientific area of the manuscript to be used as peer reviewers at the discretion of the Editorial Board of the Journal.


Article Structure

Manuscript Preparation. Assemble the manuscript in this order: Title page, Abstract, Text, Acknowledgments, References, Tables, Figure Legends, and Figures. Prepare the manuscript in Word using 12-point Times New Roman font, with 1-inch margins all around, flush left margin without paragraph indents, unjustified right margin. This format includes the title page, where all information should be presented as previously mentioned. Do not boldface any information unless it is explained and necessary. Likewise, do not center any information.


Organization. Organize manuscripts as follows:

Title Page. The title page should contain a brief, concise title of not more than 150 characters. Titles should accurately reflect the content of the article.

Author Names. Full author names should be listed following the title without any degrees or titles.

Affiliations (without street addresses) should be listed below author names, using a superscript letter to identify the authors with their corresponding affiliations.

Author Email addresses -  Email addresses of all authors should be listed in the affiliations.

The author to whom correspondence should be sent should be listed below the affiliations and include complete name, affiliation, street address, city, state, country, postal code, and email address (obligatory for submission).

Abstract. IInclude a structured abstract (sections entitled Background, Aim of the study, Methods, Results, and Conclusions, no more than 300 words). Do not cite references in the Abstract.

Keywords. A maximum of five keywords represent the main content of the article (do not include words from the title).

Running (Short) Title. Provide a running title of no more than 80 characters.

Introduction. The introduction section should explain the background to the study, its aims, a summary of the existing literature, and why this study was necessary or its contribution to the field.

Materials and Methods. The methods section should include the design and setting of the study, the characteristics of participants or description of materials, a clear description of all processes, interventions, and comparisons. Established laboratory techniques could be briefly mentioned with a reference, while any new or modified techniques should be described in detail. The type of statistical analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate should be reported.

Results. This section should present the study's findings and include, if appropriate, statistical analysis results either in the text or within tables and/or figures. 

Discussion. This section should discuss the implications of the findings in the context of existing research and highlight the study's limitations.
Results and discussion sections might be combined.

Conclusions. This should clearly state the main conclusions and explain the importance and relevance of the study reported.

References. The Vancouver reference style should be used. All references, including URLs, must be numbered consecutively inserted in the text within square brackets, with the corresponding citation in tables or figures legends, if required. In the reference section, references should be arranged in the order they are cited. The reference numbers must be finalized and the reference list fully formatted before submission. Only articles, clinical trial registration records, and abstracts published in press or available through public e-print/preprint servers may be cited. Unpublished abstracts, unpublished data, and personal communications should not be included in the reference list.


Reference style

Format Examples: Examples of the Vancouver reference style are shown below.

Citation in text: [1]. [2]. [3] …etc or [1, 2] as appropriate.

Article within a journal 

Yang Bi-Ling, Yeh Chun, Kwong Wei-Gang, Lee Shou-Dong. A novel one-step Helicobacter pylori saliva antigen test. J Chin Med Assoc. 2015; 78:96-100. DOI:10.1007/128_2006_108.

Volume with supplement

Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assessment of nickel carcinogenicity and occupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perspect 1994; 102(suppl):275-282. DOI:10.1007/128_2006_108

Book chapter, or an article within a book

Wyllie AH, Kerr JFR, Currie AR. Cell death: the significance of apoptosis. In: Bourne GH, Danielli JF, Jeon KW, editors. International review of cytology. London: Academic; 1980. p. 251-306. DOI:10.1007/128_2006_108

Online First chapter in a series (without a volume designation but with a DOI)

Saito Y, Hyuga H. Rate equation approaches to amplification of enantiomeric excess and chiral symmetry breaking. Top Curr Chem. 2007. Doi: 10.1007/128_2006_108.

Complete book, authored

Blenkinsopp A, Paxton P. Symptoms in the pharmacy: a guide to the management of common illness. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998. DOI:10.1007/128_2006_108

Conference proceedings

Kimura J, Shibasaki H, eds. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology; 1995 Oct 15-19; Kyoto, Japan. DOI:10.1007/128_2006_108


Endnotes might be designated within the text using a superscript lowercase letter, and all notes (along with their corresponding letter) should be included in the Endnotes section. Please format this section in a paragraph rather than a list.


Tables and Figures

Be sure that all Tables and Figures are mentioned in the text.

Tables. Each Table should be typed, double-spaced and created on a separate page using Word format. Tables should be self-contained, self-explanatory and numbered using Arabic numbers (i.e. Table 1, Table 2 etc.). A title, positioned at the top of the table, should be provided for each Table.

Figures.  Size must be at least 8.5 cm (maximum 17.6 cm) in width. Resolution of the jpg images must be at least 300 dpi. Legends should enable the reader to understand the information contained in figures, without reference to the text.


Ethical approval and consent to participate

Manuscripts reporting studies involving human participants, human data or human tissue must:

▪ include a statement on ethical approval and consent (even where the need for approval was waived)

▪ include the name of the ethics committee that approved the study and the committee’s reference number if appropriate

Studies involving animals must also include a statement on ethics approval. If your manuscript does not report on or involve the use of any animal or human data or tissue, please state “Not applicable” in this section.


Consent for publication

If your manuscript contains any individual person’s data in any form (including any individual details, images, or videos), consent for publication must be obtained from that person, or in the case of children, their parent, or legal guardian. All presentations of case reports must have consent for publication from the subject concerned. Institutional consent form could be used. The form should not send to us on submission, but we may request to see a copy at any stage in the publication process (including after publication). If your manuscript does not contain data from any individual person, please state “Not applicable” in that section.



Please acknowledge anyone who contributed to the article who does not meet the criteria for authorship. If the project/study presented in the manuscript was supported by specific research grant funding, please complete the following statement: The author(s) is/are grateful for the financial support for (Name of the project), (Funding Source), (Research project No.)


JUQUMS uses the iThenticate software to detect overlapping and similar texts already published in the submitted manuscripts. Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized from a manuscript by other authors, whether published or unpublished, will incur plagiarism sanctions. In JUQUMS academic papers, not counting references or methods (parts of which can often be very similar to what has already been published in other papers), a detection of similar text overlap of less than 15% is acceptable.