Umm Al-Qura University

Umm Al-Qura University

Ethics and Mission

- 2016/12/08


For every profession in the human community there are ethics to be observed and adhered to by individuals belonging to that profession, because they help them to move towards achieving the desired results efficiently and effectively.

The ethics of education profession is one the most influential directors in teacher behavior because they form an internal watcher and provide self-referential frameworks to guide his work, and they direct his performance and relations with others from within. This helps them to make the wise decisions that are needed to be more in tune with himself, with his career and with others.

Commitment to this morality is necessary and obligatory, as the teacher's sense of belonging to his profession is determined by the degree of commitment to the rules of that profession and observing them in all circumstances and situations.

Basic concepts:

  • Profession: A job that requires a relatively long and specialized preparation at higher education level, and its members have special moral ties among themselves. A set of works with different duties and missions, during which individuals perform specific roles to them in accordance with defined goals they work on achieving, during which they are committed to a set of ethical rules governing their professional conduct when exercising that profession.
  • Code of Ethics: Principles and standards that form the basis for the desirable conduct of members of a profession, which the members of these profession undertake to commit to.

The set of values, customs and traditions that members of the profession are consistent with and recognize, concerning what is good, right and just in their eyes, and what they see as basis for their dealings, their organization of their matters and their behavior within the profession. The Community reflects its resentment and condemnation for any departure from these ethics in different forms, ranging from dissatisfaction and criticism, and their expression of it in words, writing or nodding and between suspension and material punishment.

Sources of Ethics:

  • Religious source: Heavenly religions are the most important source of ethics. Sunnah has confirmed and stated in detail what is mentioned in the Holy Qur'an. It was stated that the Prophet said, "Teach rather than reprimand, for a teacher is better than someone who reprimands." He also said, "Make things easy and do not make them difficult, cheer the people up by conveying glad tidings to them and do not repulse (them)."
  • Islamic Arabic culture: the theme of education ethics was one of the main topics that Arabs and Muslims studied, which predated the others. They were the first to realize in their books the importance of the principles and moral foundations upon which the profession is based.
  • Legislation, laws and regulations: the followed laws, regulations and regulations are considered ethical sources, for they identify for employees the basic duties they are required to commit to and implement. Legislations mean the State Constitution and all laws emanating therefrom.
  • Customs, traditions and values: Civil society in which an individual lives and deals with in a set of complex and overlapping relationships is an important source affecting professional ethics for individuals who work and live in this community, both at the level of employee relationship with the community, at the level of his relationship with colleagues within the Organization, or at the level of his relationship with students.
  • Modern educational literature: Modern educational literature has focused on ethical behaviors, such as:

       -Loyalty in work.

       -Respect the personality of those whom they work with.

       -Being characterized by calmness, patience and open mindedness.

        -Demonstrate humility, forgiveness, contentment and pride.

        -Kindness and gentleness.

        -Avoiding arrogance, greed, stinginess, hatred, vanity, lying, self-praise, mistrust and anger.

        - Self accountability.

Moral characteristics of a teacher:

Honesty in Word and deed: The teacher must adhere to these ethics, reflect them in his dealings with students and their parents, with his colleagues and all the people, to keep his promise and commit to their appointments.

Indicators: commitment to punctuality concerning giving tests, correcting them and returning them d back to students. Provide correct and accurate information about the student when requested.

Loyalty at work: This is one of the most important ethics that the teacher must exercise. The Prophet (PBUH) said: "Allah loves us to master our work".

Indicators: keep abreast of developments concerning his work.

  • Precision in daily planning for educational/learning attitude.
  • Perform his tasks accurately and on time.

Patience and endurance: If the teacher demonstrated patience he can endure physical, psychological and social hardships. It will also give him confidence, willpower, and the ability to face obstacles and problems.

Indicators: follow up on students with special needs.

  • Prudence before giving judgements.
  • Assist students in solving their problems in the classroom and follow them up.

Kindness, forgiveness and a smiling face: A teacher needs more than anyone to be patient, to exercise restraint and kindness. The Prophet (PBUH) said: "Make things easy and do not make them difficult, cheer the people up by conveying glad tidings to them and do not repulse (them)."

Indicators: Ignore some simple lapses by students.

  • Not to be quick to anger but balanced in his emotions.

Humility: This characteristic requires that a teacher does not act arrogantly, brag, demand fame and flaunt it, because he's a role model for his students. The Prophet (PBUH) said: God Almighty revealed that people humble themselves, and those who are humble to God, God lifts them."

Indicators: Accept constructive criticism from others.

  • Admitting a mistake.
  • Waive One’s opinion against the correct views.

Justice and objectivity in the treatment of students: The teacher should be fair in his treatment of students during their teaching without bias or favoring. The Prophet (PBUH) said: "Any teacher in charge of three boys of this nation, who does not teach them equally, rich and poor alike, he will be crammed with the treacherous on Day of Resurrection."

Indicators: Collect sufficient information about the student's behavior before giving judgements.

  • Impartiality and bias in the treatment of students or straightening them

Teaching message:

Provide the an education opportunity for all in an appropriate educational environment in light of KSA's educational policy, raising the quality of its output, increasing the effectiveness of scientific research and encouragig creativity and innovation, community partnership development, and enhancing the skills and abilities of employees of education.