For every profession in the human community there are ethics to be observed and adhered to by individuals belonging to that profession, because they help them to move towards achieving the desired results efficiently and effectively.
The ethics of education profession is one the most influential directors in teacher behavior because they form an internal watcher and provide self-referential frameworks to guide his work, and they direct his performance and relations with others from within. This helps them to make the wise decisions that are needed to be more in tune with himself, with his career and with others.
Commitment to this morality is necessary and obligatory, as the teacher's sense of belonging to his profession is determined by the degree of commitment to the rules of that profession and observing them in all circumstances and situations.
The set of values, customs and traditions that members of the profession are consistent with and recognize, concerning what is good, right and just in their eyes, and what they see as basis for their dealings, their organization of their matters and their behavior within the profession. The Community reflects its resentment and condemnation for any departure from these ethics in different forms, ranging from dissatisfaction and criticism, and their expression of it in words, writing or nodding and between suspension and material punishment.
Sources of Ethics:
-Loyalty in work.
-Respect the personality of those whom they work with.
-Being characterized by calmness, patience and open mindedness.
-Demonstrate humility, forgiveness, contentment and pride.
-Kindness and gentleness.
-Avoiding arrogance, greed, stinginess, hatred, vanity, lying, self-praise, mistrust and anger.
- Self accountability.
Moral characteristics of a teacher:
Honesty in Word and deed: The teacher must adhere to these ethics, reflect them in his dealings with students and their parents, with his colleagues and all the people, to keep his promise and commit to their appointments.
Indicators: commitment to punctuality concerning giving tests, correcting them and returning them d back to students. Provide correct and accurate information about the student when requested.
Loyalty at work: This is one of the most important ethics that the teacher must exercise. The Prophet (PBUH) said: "Allah loves us to master our work".
Indicators: keep abreast of developments concerning his work.
Patience and endurance: If the teacher demonstrated patience he can endure physical, psychological and social hardships. It will also give him confidence, willpower, and the ability to face obstacles and problems.
Indicators: follow up on students with special needs.
Kindness, forgiveness and a smiling face: A teacher needs more than anyone to be patient, to exercise restraint and kindness. The Prophet (PBUH) said: "Make things easy and do not make them difficult, cheer the people up by conveying glad tidings to them and do not repulse (them)."
Indicators: Ignore some simple lapses by students.
Humility: This characteristic requires that a teacher does not act arrogantly, brag, demand fame and flaunt it, because he's a role model for his students. The Prophet (PBUH) said: God Almighty revealed that people humble themselves, and those who are humble to God, God lifts them."
Indicators: Accept constructive criticism from others.
Justice and objectivity in the treatment of students: The teacher should be fair in his treatment of students during their teaching without bias or favoring. The Prophet (PBUH) said: "Any teacher in charge of three boys of this nation, who does not teach them equally, rich and poor alike, he will be crammed with the treacherous on Day of Resurrection."
Indicators: Collect sufficient information about the student's behavior before giving judgements.
Provide the an education opportunity for all in an appropriate educational environment in light of KSA's educational policy, raising the quality of its output, increasing the effectiveness of scientific research and encouragig creativity and innovation, community partnership development, and enhancing the skills and abilities of employees of education.