Scientific research is considered to be one of the most important pillars of university education in the modern age, as it is regarded as the effective means capable of discovering and highlighting new knowledge and adding new solid knowledge. Additionally, it plays a role in developing the fields of science and technology, improving living conditions, and facing challenges. Moreover, scientific research helps in developing effective solutions to the renewed problems that encounter the human community: individuals, groups, and institutions.
As one of the priorities of Umm Al-Qura University is to pay attention to scientific research and as some of these topics deal with issues related to living beings, this requires striving to achieve the highest standards of research excellence and, at the same time, adhering to the ethics of scientific research while conducting research activities, in compliance with Islamic law and relevant legal systems. Therefore, it was necessary to activate the Standing Committee for Scientific Research Ethics at Umm Al-Qura University, in line with the supreme decision to establish the National Committee for Bio-Medical Ethics No. 59, which stipulates that all bodies that carry out research on living beings inside the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia should adhere to the regulations issued by the Permanent Committee.
They are a set of values and behaviors that must be adhered to cognitively and professionally while conducting scientific research.
Scientific research is not only a set of basics and procedures related to identifying the research problem, designing the research, gathering data and analyzing it, and writing research reports; rather, there is a set of ethical standards that accompany each of those stages, and the researcher must be familiar with these standards and values and abide by them.
The ethics of scientific research include respect for the rights, opinions and dignity of others, whether they are researchers or those participating in the research. The principles of scientific research ethics adopt two main values: “Positive action and justice (no exploitation)” and “avoiding harm”, which are the two values representing the two pillars of ethical considerations during the scientific research process.