Umm Al-Qura University

Umm Al-Qura University

(11) Recommendations of the ‘Al-Nawazil Al-Fiqhiyyah’ Symposium to Discuss Emerging Issues

The second edition of the Symposium of Al-Nawazil Al-Fiqhiyyah (Unprecedented Jurisprudential Issues), organized by the College of Shari`ah and Islamic Studies at Umm Al-Qura University, on its second and final day, made (11) recommendations which were submitted by the female researchers participating in the symposium sessions. The participating researchers presented their scientific research on the emerging jurisprudential issues and the appropriate passages from Islamic texts that deal with any particular issue, analyzing and explaining their vocabulary and scientific perceptions, and reporting the views of the Muslim scholars in this respect.

The researchers recommended to continue the study of emerging jurisprudential issues, open to Ijtihad, according to the difference in time and place. They also stressed the importance of holding more conferences and seminars in relation to the emerging issues, studying them in the Sacred Mosque, and collecting them in one book so that religious knowledge seekers can study the topics of unprecedented jurisprudential issues. In this way, they will achieve the purpose of glorifying the Islamic Shari`ah and adopting it in all transactions.

They stressed the need to educate women about their rights in the Saudi judicial systems, and to spread awareness among all sectors of the society about the methods of some marketing transactions that mislead people and result in profiting from the unsuspecting people through illegal means.

They called for the organization of academic courses that explain the stages of study of each jurisprudential issue. The course organizers should take care of the printing and publication of research on unprecedented jurisprudential issues, summarize and simplify the academic material to benefit from it, and also intensify efforts in paying attention to the jurisprudence of contemporary transactions, medical issues and foods, bearing in mind that these transactions take place daily and are subject to many new developments.

They recommended the authorities concerned to censor electronic games by developing a specialized system to classify applications according to age, in the same manner as the Entertainment Software Rating Board. This is in order to restrict games involving Shar`i irregularities and threats, such as gambling or encouraging violence and killings, by writing the content of each application in accordance with Islamic principles and values.

The working papers presented by the researchers on the second day of the symposium included the latest developments of the technological revolution with regard to electronic commerce transactions and the validity of sale contracts, taking into account the opinion of the jurists and the policy to reach the correct judgment. In addition, they explained the types of discount cards offered by some commercial institutions to encourage the consumer to buy specific products whose profits return to the participants in the list of those cards. The papers also studied the practice of some pharmaceutical companies of providing gifts to doctors to market their products and prescribe them to their patients.

The sessions included the emerging issues in terms of personal status matters, including the obligation of performing a medical examination before marriage and the purpose of it, and the different types of marriage contracts concluded through modern means of communication, carrying out a critical study about their origin in terms of jurisprudence. They also discussed medical developments in plastic surgery, and presented the opinions of scholars based on the reason behind such surgeries, due to illnesses or for cosmetic purposes.