Umm Al-Qura University

Umm Al-Qura University

Guide for Authors

- 2020/04/29


UMM AL-QURA MEDICAL JOURNAL, published and distributed by Umm Al-Qura University. This peer reviewed Journal is published two times per year and includes articles covering all areas of medical science research relevant to human disease. Articles reporting original research that demonstrate pertinence to human medical investigation are encouraged and can be published as Original Articles, Review Articles and case reports written by experts in their field.

ORIGINAL RESEARCH: This is a research study that describes original results of broad appeal with sufficient information to be critically evaluated. Sections must be presented in the following order: Title page, Abstract, Text, Acknowledgments, References, Tables, Figure Legends and Figures. The manuscript in full should not exceed 5000 words (including figure ligands).

REVIEW ARTICLES: They should be concise but include controversies in the field as well as abundant bibliography; specific viewpoints may be included as long as they are well founded. Their main purpose is to provide up-to-date information about a topic by an expert in the field. Non-invited authors may submit review articles accompanied by a list of their own published works in the field that confirms their expertise in the area. The Editorial Board will then decide whether to accept or decline the manuscript. Review articles must contain no more than 7000 words.


These are short discussions of a case or case series with unique features not previously described that make an important teaching point or scientific observation. The Case Report should include statements of the problem, patient history, diagnosis, treatment, outcome and any other information pertinent to the case(s). Section headings should be: Abstract, Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if any), and References.

Manuscripts written proficiently in scientific English are accepted from authors in any country. Once manuscript submission requirements are fulfilled, the work will be accepted for submittal and an immediate acknowledgment of receipt letter will be sent to the corresponding author.


Submission of a manuscript implies that it reports unpublished work and, if accepted for publication, will not be published elsewhere without Journal consent. A letter signed by every author expressly stating the specific contribution of each author must be sent with the electronic signature of all coauthors. This letter should express that the final manuscript has been revised and approved by all authors and that they have taken due care to ensure the integrity of the work.

Include separately the complete names and e-mail addresses of two internationally recognized experts in the scientific area of your manuscript to be used as peer reviewers at the discretion of the Editorial Board of the Journal.

Article structure

Manuscript Preparation. Assemble the manuscript in this order: Title page, Abstract, Text, Acknowledgments, References, Tables, Figure Legends and Figures. Prepare the manuscript in Word using 12 point Times New Roman font, with 1 inch margins all around, flush left margin without paragraph indents, unjustified right margin. This format includes the title page, where all information should be presented as previously mentioned. Do not boldface any information unless it is explained and necessary. Do not center any information.

Organization. Organize manuscripts as follows:

Title Page. The title page should contain a brief, concise title of not more than 150 characters. Titles should accurately reflect the content of the article.

Author Names. Following the title, all author names should be listed, without any degrees or titles.

Affiliations (without street addresses) should be listed below author names, using a superscript letter to identify the authors with their corresponding affiliation.

The author to whom correspondence should be sent should be listed below the affiliations and should include complete name, street address, city, state, country, postal code, FAX number (if applicable), and email address (obligatory for submission).

Abstract. Include a Structured Abstract (Sections entitled Background, Aim of the study, Methods, Results, and Conclusions, no more than 250 words). Do not cite References in the Abstract.

Keywords. Three to ten keywords representing the main content of the article.

Running (Short) Title. Provide a running title of no more than 50 characters.

Introduction. The introduction section should explain the background to the study, its aims, a summary of the existing literature and why this study was necessary or its contribution to the field.

Materials and Methods. The methods section should include: design and setting of the study, the characteristics of participants or description of materials, a clear description of all processes, interventions and comparisons. Established laboratory techniques are mentioned in brief with a reference while any new or modified techniques should be described in details.The type of statistical analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate.

Results. This should include the findings of the study including, if appropriate, results of statistical analysis which must be included either in the text or as tables and figures.

Discussion. This section should discuss the implications of the findings in context of existing research and highlight limitations of the study.

Conclusions. This should state clearly the main conclusions and provide an explanation of the importance and relevance of the study reported.

References. All references, including URLs, must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets in the text followed by any in tables or figures’ legend. In the reference section the references are arranged in the order in which they are cited. The reference numbers must be finalized and the reference list fully formatted before submission. Only articles, clinical trial registration records and abstracts that have been published or are in press, or are available through public e-print/preprint servers, may be cited. Unpublished abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications should not be included in the reference list.

Reference style

Format examples: Examples of the Vancouver reference style are shown below.

Article within a journal 

Yang Bi-Ling, Yeh Chun, Kwong Wei-Gang, Lee Shou-Dong. A novel one-step Helicobacter pylori saliva antigen test. J Chin Med Assoc. 2015; 78:96–100.

Volume with supplement

Shen HM, Zhang QF. Risk assessment of nickel carcinogenicity and occupational lung cancer. Environ Health Perspect 1994; 102(suppl):275-282.

Book chapter, or an article within a book

Wyllie AH, Kerr JFR, Currie AR. Cell death: the significance of apoptosis. In: Bourne GH, Danielli JF, Jeon KW, editors. International review of cytology. London: Academic; 1980. p. 251-306.

OnlineFirst chapter in a series (without a volume designation but with a DOI)

Saito Y, Hyuga H. Rate equation approaches to amplification of enantiomeric excess and chiral symmetry breaking. Top Curr Chem. 2007. Doi: 10.1007/128_2006_108.

Complete book, authored

Blenkinsopp A, Paxton P. Symptoms in the pharmacy: a guide to the management of common illness. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998.

Conference proceedings

Kimura J, Shibasaki H, eds. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology; 1995 Oct 15-19; Kyoto, Japan.


Endnotes should be designated within the text using a superscript lowercase letter and all notes (along with their corresponding letter) should be included in the Endnotes section. Please format this section in a paragraph rather than a list.

Tables and Figures. Be sure that all Tables and Figures are mentioned in the text.

Tables. Each Table should be typed, double-spaced, on a separate page using Word format. Tables should be self-contained and self-explanatory. Provide a title for each table and use Arabic numbers (i.e. Table 1, Table 2 etc.) should be written at the top of table.

Figure.  Size must be at least 8.5 cm (maximum 17.6 cm) in width. Resolution of the jpg images must be at least 300 dpi. Legends should enable the reader to understand the information contained in figures, without reference to the text.

All manuscripts must contain the following

  • Ethical approval and consent to participate

  • Consent for publication

Ethical approval and consent to participate

Manuscripts reporting studies involving human participants, human data or human tissue must:

  • include a statement on ethical approval and consent (even where the need for approval was waived)

  • include the name of the ethical committee that approved the study and the committee’s reference number if appropriate

Studies involving animals must include a statement on ethics approval.

If your manuscript does not report on or involve the use of any animal or human data or tissue, please state “Not applicable” in this section.

Consent for publication

If your manuscript contains any individual person’s data in any form (including any individual details, images or videos), consent for publication must be obtained from that person, or in the case of children, their parent or legal guardian. All presentations of case reports must have consent for publication.

You can use your institutional consent form. You should not send the form to us on submission, but we may request to see a copy at any stage (including after publication).

If your manuscript does not contain data from any individual person, please state “Not applicable” in this section.


Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article who does not meet the criteria for authorship including anyone who provided professional writing services or materials.


UQU Med. J. uses the iThenticate software to detect instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. Manuscripts that are found to have been plagiarized from a manuscript by other authors, whether published or unpublished, will incur plagiarism sanctions. As a rule in our journal academic papers, not counting references or methods (parts of which can often be very similar to what has already been published in other papers) about 25 % is acceptable.