The evolution of domestic economy
Domestic economy is no longer limited to teaching practical skills. Rather, it is now concerned with both theoretical and practical studies to match the latest scientific and technological developments and to link the academic subjects with the needs of the community and the environment. The ultimate goal is to produce graduates who can deal with the requirements of our age. To that end, the General Presidency for Girls' Education, as represented by the Deputyship of Girls' Colleges, established the Department of Domestic Economy at the College of Education for Girls in Holy Makkah in 1399-1400 AH with a view to develop teachers who are specialized in teaching the various branches of domestic economy for both intermediate and high school stages.
As the modern objectives of domestic economy pay special attention to enhancing the perceptions of young women and focusing on the scientific aspect of this field, the College of Education for Domestic Economy was established in 1416-1417 AH to equip the students with the academic background and skills that would enable them to efficiently carry our their roles as mothers, child-rearers, and specialists. It also aims at preparing the students to enter the work market and to engage in small enterprises and "productive family" projects. For all of that, in addition to the General Department of Domestic Economy, the Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences and the Department of Clothes and Textiles were established in 1417 AH, and the Department of Housing and House Management was established in 1418 AH.
Until 1423 AH, the college was a subordinate body of the General Presidency for Girls' Education. When the latter was dissolved, control of the College of Education for Domestic Economy was transferred to the Ministry of Education as of academic year 1424 AH. In 1428 AH, a royal decree was issued to endorse Higher Education Council decision No. 6/45/1428 dated 18/8/1428 AH on the executive procedures for transferring teachers' and girls' colleges from the Ministry of Higher Education to universities. The purpose was to merge the College of Education for Domestic Economy with its three branches into Umm Al-Qura University administratively, financially, and academically. This marked a new phase full of optimism and ambition. The college curricula were adapted to match the requirements of each stage and to match scientific developments within the boundaries of the available resources. Basically, the College of Education for Domestic Economy awards female students bachelor's degrees in education and domestic economy.
The college included a number of administration and support departments before being merged into Umm Al-Qura University. Those were as follows:
- Employee Affairs
- Student Affairs
- Students' Fund
- Extracurricular Activities
- Student Counseling and Social Guidance Office
- Public Relations
- Practical Education Office
This is in addition to the committees of scoring and examination administration, the committee of security and safety, and the committee of total quality. The college also has a central student library and a number of classrooms that are connected to the college's CCTV network.
The College of Education for Domestic Economy also continues to offer postgraduate study programs for master's and doctorate degrees for female students enrolled in the colleges of other areas and provinces that suffer shortages in faculty members and/or laboratories.